The 100th edition of Century Ireland is out on 10 May with all the news from 100 years ago.
The main stories include:
- Tricolours and Scuffles as Executed Rebel Leaders Remembered
14 May 1917
The Dublin Metropolitan Police have made no arrests after they were involved in scuffles with a group of Sinn Féin supporters, men and women, at Rathmines. The incident occurred in the leafy environs of Mountpleasant Square where the forty-strong group, returning from Tallaght where they had attended a High Mass for the souls of three of the executed leaders of last year’s rebellion – James Connolly, Michael Mallin and Sean Heuston - were met by police.
Liberty Hall, Dublin
- 8 Million New Voters as Bill Promises Democratic Revolution
16 May 1917
The Representation of the People Bill will bring an additional 8 million additional voters into the democratic process in the United Kingdom when it is passed into law. Some 6 million of these additional voters will be newly enfranchished women, of whom 5 million are married.
- Russian Troops Urged on to Victory
16 May 1917
Russian troops have been warned that the Revolution is at risk unless Germany is defeated.
The warning came in the form of an appeal to the army from the Council of Workmen’s and Soldiers’ Delegates. It begins:
'Soldiers and Comrades at the Front –We are speaking to you in the name of Russian revolutionary democracy... Do not forget, soldiers and comrades, that peace cannot be achieved if you do not check the enemy’s pressure at the front, if your ranks are pierced, and if the Russian Revolution, like an inanimate thing, lies at the feet of William.'
The appeal comes amid Allied concerns about the conduct of Russian troops on the Eastern Front.
- Protests at Cessation of Irish Horse Racing
18 May 1917
The British government’s proposal to prohibit horse-racing in Ireland and Britain for the duration of the war meets widespread protest. While it is acknowledged in some quarters that it may be considered a necessity, the number of horses in training and the tonnage of feed used has been exaggerated, according to opponents of the move.
- British Prime Minister Promises Irish Convention
18 May 1917
The Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, has proposed the establishment of a Convention of all Irishmen. The proposal comes as Mr. Lloyd George forwards a new set of proposals to the Nationalist and unionist parties that suggest drafting a bill for the immediate implementation of Home Rule, excluding the 6 Ulster counties for a period of 5 years. After those 5 years have passed the position will be reconsidered, if partition has not been terminated prior to that date.
- Donegal in Distress as Food Supplies Run Low
19 May 1917
The House of Commons today considered the ‘grave state of affairs in north Donegal where food supplies are dwindling by the hour. Areas such as Glenswilly, the Rosses, Gweedore, Rosgull, Termon, Kilmacrennan, Glendownan and Drumkeene are reporting ‘acute distress’, with the stocks of potatoes now almost entirely gone and no replacement food in prospect. Suggestions that Donegal was on the edge of Famine were rejected by the Chief Secretary of Ireland, Henry Duke, who said that to members of the Irish Executive had been in Donegal last week and there had been no serious shortages. He assured the House that should such shortages arise, the government will deal with them appropriately.
- Dublin Dockers’ Strike Comes to an End
19 May 1917
The Dublin dockers’ strike has ended. The intervention of the Lord Mayor of Dublin has helped broker a resolution of a pay dispute after agreement was reached between the Shipping Association and the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. The strike over pay at the South Wall Quay began at Easter and disrupted the flow of supplies into the city, with large tonnages still lying unloaded since the strike began three weeks ago. Traders and bakers affected have called for an immediate return to work so that the already serious food situation in Dublin does not become even worse. The strike was the most serious labour dispute in Dublin since the 1913 Lockout ended.
- Teachers and Priests Help Sinn Fein to By-election Victory
19 May 1917
The South-Longford by-election has resulted in a narrow victory for Sinn Féin. The Sinn Féin candidate, Joe McGuinness defeated the Irish Parliamentary Party’s Patrick McKenna by 1,498 votes to 1,461. Mr. McGuinness is currently in jail in England. The campaign prior to the poll was unprecedented in terms of its bitterness and the rival groups of nationalists fought for every vote.
- ‘A Waste of Young Lives’
21 May 1917
Nine in every 100 Irish children die before the age of one. This stark fact underlines the extent to which the state is only now beginning to grapple with the questions affecting child welfare. Changing this fact will not be straightforward, according to observers, given the prevailing circumstances which frustrate the prospects of improvement.
Mother and Child
- Better Treatment of Irish Prisoners Demanded
22 May 1917
A crowded meeting in the Mansion House unanimously passed a resolution drawing ‘the attention of foreign countries to the unjust treatment of our prisoners of war, of whom 122 are confined in English convict prisons and treated as criminals’. Special mention was made at the meeting of the plight of Countess Markievicz, who is being held in the convict prison of Aylesbury. She is currently being denied ‘all association except with criminals.’
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